Answer the question: What is Enlightenment?
Answer the question: What is Enlightenment? [in English]
Table of Contents:
Immanuel Kant’s Text translated into English (pages 2 to 10).
Notes, Bibliography, Related Links, Etc., Appendix A (pages 12 to 25).
Word Index (pages 26 to 45).
Indeed - what do we mean by Enlightenment?
Kant wrote in 1784 in the first part of his essay:
"Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use one understanding without guidance from another. Self-incurred is this tutelage when its cause lies not in lack of understanding, but rather of resolve and courage to use it without direction from another. Sapere Aude! [Latin translated: Dare to know, from Horace]. Have courage to use your own mind! Thus is the motto of Enlightenment."
Translation from German to English (August 2013) by Daniel Fidel Ferrer.
Includes background, notes, URL links, bibliography, and full book index after the translated text.
228 years ago.
Original publication of Immanuel Kant's essay in German:
By Immanuel Kant.
"Beantwortung der Frage: Was ist Aufklarung?"
in Berlinische Monatsschrift Book. 4, 12. December, 1784), pages 481-494.